What is electronic learning?

What is electronic learning? Electronic learning refers to a broad educational concept primarily characterized by the usage of electronic media and other types of communication technologies. Electronic learning encompasses any type of educational concept, or educational technology, which uses electronic media or technologies to support teaching and learning. This includes any type of teaching method which uses an electronic technology, such as a computer, the internet, DVD films, and so on. Specific types of electronic learning include internet-based training, online education, computer-based training, to name a few. This type of learning can be utilized in an almost unlimited amount of settings, provided that the setting has access to the electronic technology of materials required to take advantage of this particular type of learning. Although many people may immediately think of online education or the usage of computers in classrooms when they hear the term electronic learning, educational technologies have taken…

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The Effects of Aging on Memory

Memory is not a static process. The synapses between your brain cells are constantly changing with new memories or the recall of old memories, such as specific names to faces or the memory of how to drive a car. As memories are reinforced, the synapses –or connections—between your brain cells become reinforced as well. Essentially, this means that the stronger the synapses between your cells, the stronger your ability to retrieve memories stored in your brain. As you age, however, these synapses begin to become weaker. This process usually begins in your 20s and becomes significantly noticeable for many people when they are in their 50s and 60s. Typically, people begin to notice that certain facts—such as fitting certain names to particular faces, or remembering information or dates—becomes more difficult. For example, someone might approach another person in their work office but not be able to remember their name, despite…

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Should Children Be Allowed to Choose What They Read?

Reading is an essential life skill that many believe should be fostered in children at an early age to ensure that they have the experience, skills and knowledge necessary to handle more complicated reading later on in their lives. However, many educators are finding that it is not enough to teach children how to read—but that children need the motivation to enjoy reading a well. A recent study by the software company eReflect, who pioneered the 7 Speed Reading program software, found that children who are not motivated in their reading are overall less successful readers than their counterparts who are motivated to read. A less successful reader will not only read slower than their abilities indicate they can read, but they will retain less information from the reading. But how can educators motivate children to read in the first place? One oft-suggested solution is to allow children to choose…

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Educational system in Finland

Education in Finland The educational system in Finland has come under positive scrutiny in the past decade due to its high comparative test scores and its high rate of primary school graduation. As of 2013, Finland has an extraordinarily high rate of 99.7% graduation among its primary or comprehensive school students. In the Education Index, which was published along with the UN’s Human Development Index in 2008, Finland was listed as tied for first in education around the world with Australia, Denmark, and New Zealand. After the Education Index’s publication, the Finnish Ministry of Education released a statement attributing the success of schools in Finland to “… uniform basic education for entire age groups, highly competent teachers, and the autonomy given to schools.” There are no tuition fees for education in Finland for primary, secondary or higher schooling and full-time students are served free meals throughout their educational career. Students…

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Rote learning

What is rote learning? Rote learning is defined as a memorization technique which is based on the concept of learning through the process of repetition. Memorization refers to the process by which information is received, encoded, stored and then recalled in the brain. There are numerous forms of memorization and memorization is used in a countless number of contexts, including school education, the workplace, and everyday activities and even everyday functions. Rote learning is a particular type of memorization which focuses on the concept of learning through the use of repetition, or the repeating of information or knowledge until someone is able to recall that information from memory. Rote learning is especially popular in the field of education and learning; early education, in particular, often uses a significant amount of rote learning to teach students to remember specific information. What is rote learning used for? Rote learning is a very…

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Erickson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development: Fidelity, Love, Care, and Wisdom

Erickson’s stages of psychosocial development, developed by the German-American developmental psychologist Erik, are a series of eight different stages which Erikson believed that any mentally healthy human beings pass through as they age from infancy into late adulthood. These psychosocial developmental stages are sometimes used in conjunction with the more typical developmental stages of child-to-adult psychology, although Erikson’s psychosocial stages are more specific than the overreaching categories of regular development. Erikson’s psychosocial developmental stages are broken into challenges which must be confronted in order to pass into the next psychosocial stage of development. Ideally, these psychosocial challenges will be successfully completed in order as a person ages from infancy until their late adulthood years. However, it is not necessarily required for each psychosocial stage to be mastered or completed in order for someone to advance onto the next psychosocial stage. For example, someone who is in the young adult stage…

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Erickson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development: Hope, Will, Purpose, and Competence

Erickson’s stages of psychosocial development, developed by the German-American developmental psychologist Erik, are a series of eight different stages which Erikson believed that any mentally healthy human beings pass through as they age from infancy into late adulthood. These psychosocial developmental stages are sometimes used in conjunction with the more typical developmental stages of child-to-adult psychology, although Erikson’s psychosocial stages are more specific than the overreaching categories of regular development. Erikson’s psychosocial developmental stages are broken into challenges which must be confronted in order to pass into the next psychosocial stage of development. Ideally, these psychosocial challenges will be successfully completed in order as a person ages from infancy until their late adulthood years. However, it is not necessarily required for each psychosocial stage to be mastered or completed in order for someone to advance onto the next psychosocial stage. For example, someone who is in the young adult stage…

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Classical Conditioning

What is classical conditioning? Classical conditioning is defined as a type or form of learning during which a stimulus is conditioned to mark the occurrence of a second stimulus. A behavior is therefore learned through conditioning these responses using two different stimuli. Classical conditioning is also known as Pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning; Pavlovian conditioning refers to the work of Ivan Pavlov in the field of classical conditioning. Although examples of classical conditioning as a form of learning can be found before Pavlov’s iconic work in the field, the most prominent experiments on classical conditioning were done in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Classical conditioning requires two stimuli. The first stimulus is usually something which affects the body in a biological manner. The first stimuli are usually something which includes food or pain, but almost anything which elicits a biological response may be used. For example, food may…

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What Factors Affect Memory Recall?

What is memory recall? Memory recall is defined as the retrieval or recall of information, events and memories from the past. Memory recall is one of the three main processes of memory, along with memory encoding and memory storage. Memory recall is generally defined into three different categories of recall: free memory recall, cued memory recall and serial memory recall. Free recall refers to memory recall which is allowed to occur in a random order and is most often found in psychological and educational testing. For example, if an individual is given a list of information to remember and is then tested on those items by being required to recall them in no particular order, this is “free” recall because the individual’s recall is not bound to remember the information in a specific way. Free recall is also often used in educational settings, when students may be required to remember…

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The Three Components of Autobiographical Memory

What is autobiographical memory? How is it studied? Autobiographical memory is one type of memory system; autobiographical memory is usually defined as consisting of various episodes which have been remembered, or recollected, from the life and experiences of an individual. These autobiographic memories are usually a combination of episodic or personal experiences and information, and semantic or general knowledge and experience, memories. Autobiographical memory is often studied through personal recollections, both verbal and written. Written recollections of autobiographical memory can be found in diaries, journals, blogs, and other forms of written material which are based on personal experience and personal memories. Within the field of memory research, autobiographical research is often studied through “control diaries.” In one such study, a group of memory research participants was required to keep a diary of particularly memorable everyday events over a series of weeks. The diaries are then a reflection of autobiographical memory;…

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